Simple Past Tense Number 1 Tutorial on Web

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Simple Past Tense (B1 Level)

Simple past tense is one of the two main tenses in English. One of them is “Present Tense” and the other one is “Past Tense”. Simple past tense is used for actions, events or any other thing that happened in the past and finished in the past.

Simple Past Tense Example Sentences

Positive Form

I opened window

You opened window

He opened window

She opened window

It opened window

We opened window

They opened window

Negative Form

I didn’t open window

You didn’t open window

He didn’t open window

She didn’t open window

It didn’t open window

We didn’t open window

They didn’t open window

Interrogative Form

Did I open window?

Did you open window?

Did he open window?

Did she open window?

Did it open window?

Did we open window?

Did they open window?

As you see from the above examples; Verbs take -ed after them at positive sentences. These verbs are regular verbs. These verbs like “open, start, clean, close, watch; etc.” takes -ed after them in positive “Simple Past Tense” sentences.

For negative sentences, we simply add “did not” or “didn’t” after subject and we use the verb in the main form.

To make an interrogative sentence, we add “did” auxiliary before the subject. We use the verb in the root form again.

Simple Past Tense with Irregular Verbs

Alice drank water

Alice didn’t drink water

Did Alice drink water?

The same rules apply for the negative and interrogative sentences. But for irregular verbs, past forms of irregular verbs are not regular. They change every time.

Some Common Regular and Irregular Verbs

Common Regular Verbs

Present Form Past Form
Open Opened
Close Closed
Ask Asked
Answer Answered
Reply Replied
Study Studied
Call Called
Phone Phoned
Use Used
All regular verbs take -ed after them. But some verbs end in -y or -e . We call them ending vowel or semivowels. For the verbs ending in -y, drop -y and add -ied and for the verbs ending in -e, simply add -d after the verb.

Common Irregular Verbs

Present Form Past Form
To be Was / Were
Have Had
Do Did
Say Said
Cut Cut
Go Went
Take Took
See Saw
Come Came
All irregular verbs have different past forms. The past forms may be the same as present form (cut – cut), may be totally different (go – went), or somewhat similar (come – came). But remember that they are irregular and they do not like each other.

Simple Past Tense in Context

The following text is taken from Wikipedia about the life of William Shakespeare. Read the text and pay attention to the “Simple Past Tense Sentences” And write these sentences on a piece of paper or on you computer.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Life_of_William_Shakespeare

William Shakespeare was an actor, playwright, poet, and theatre entrepreneur in London during the late Elizabethan and early Jacobeaneras. He was baptised on 26 April 1564 in Stratford-upon-Avon in Warwickshire, England, in the Holy Trinity Church. At the age of 18 he married Anne Hathaway with whom he had three children. He died in his home town of Stratford on 23 April 1616, aged 52. Though more is known about Shakespeare’s life than those of most other Elizabethan and Jacobean writers, few personal biographical facts survive, which is unsurprising in the light of his social status as a commoner, the low esteem in which his profession was held, and the general lack of interest of the time in the personal lives of writers. Information about his life derives from public instead of private documents: vital records, real estate and tax records, lawsuits, records of payments, and references to Shakespeare and his works in printed and hand-written texts. Nevertheless, hundreds of biographies have been written and more continue to be, most of which rely on inferences and the historical context of the 70 or so hard facts recorded about Shakespeare the man, a technique that sometimes leads to embellishment or unwarranted interpretation of the documented record.

  • Now please look at the following passage with the colored texts. Then pay attention to the sentences next to the text. And verb forms next to them

Simple Past Tense Practice

William Shakespeare was an actor, playwright, poet, and theatre entrepreneur in London during the late Elizabethan and early Jacobeaneras. He was baptised on 26 April 1564 in Stratford-upon-Avon in Warwickshire, England, in the Holy Trinity Church. At the age of 18 he married Anne Hathaway with whom he had three children. He died in his home town of Stratford on 23 April 1616, aged 52. Though more is known about Shakespeare’s life than those of most other Elizabethan and Jacobean writers, few personal biographical facts survive, which is unsurprising in the light of his social status as a commoner, the low esteem in which his profession was held, and the general lack of interest of the time in the personal lives of writers. Information about his life derives from public instead of private documents: vital records, real estate and tax records, lawsuits, records of payments, and references to Shakespeare and his works in printed and hand-written texts. Nevertheless, hundreds of biographies have been written and more continue to be, most of which rely on inferences and the historical context of the 70 or so hard facts recorded about Shakespeare the man, a technique that sometimes leads to embellishment or unwarranted interpretation of the documented record.

  • Wiiliam Skakespeare was an actor.
  • He was baptised on 26 April 1564
  • He married Anne Hathaway
  • He had three children
  • He died in his home twon
  • His profession was held.
  • Facts recored about Shlespeare
Simple Past Tense
shakespeare
Present Form Past Form
is was
baptise baptised
marry married
have had
die died
record recored
Positive form Negative Form İnterrogative
William Skakespeare was an actor William Shakepeare wasn’t an actress Was he an actor?
He was baptised on 26 April 1564. He wasn’t honored on 26 April 1594. Was he baptised on 26 April 1594?
He married Anne Hathaway. He didn’t marry on 26 April 1594. Did he marry on 26 April 1594?
He had three children He didn’t have 2 children. Did he have three children?
He died in his home town. He didn’t die in New York. Did he die in New York?
His profession was held. His marriage wasn’t held. Was his profession held?
2 of the sentences are in (past) passive form here. (was baptised and was held)

Questions and Answers with Simple Past Tense

Question Positive Answer Negative Answer
Was he an actor? Yes, he was / Yes, he was an actor. No, he wasn’t / No he wasn’t an actor.
Did he have 3 children? Yes, he did. / Yes, he had three children No, he didn’t / No, he didn’t have three children
Did he die in New York? Yes, he did / Yes, he died in New York. No, he didn’t / No, he didn’t die in New York.

Simple Past Tense with Wh_ Question words

Question Answer
What was his profession? He was an actor.
Where did he die? He died in his hometown
Who was his spouse? His spouse was Anne Hathaway.
When was he born? He was born in April 1564
Why did he become an actor? Because of his ability.
How many children did he have? He had three children.

Simple Past Tense Time Adverbs

ago William Shakespeare was an actor hundreds of years ago.
yesterday I got up very early yesterday
last week She went to London last week
last month My father retired from his job last month
last year We had prepared to the exam last year

What does Simple Past Tense Mean?

Never be a prisoner of your past

Simple Past Tense is a verb tense that describe events happened in the past and also finished in the past

How do we understand a Simple Past Tense sentence?

Life is how it is not how it was

In simple past tense we add -ed to the regular verbs in positive form. We also use past forms of irregular verbs in positive forms. We use did (not) auxiliary verb in negatives and interrogatives.

What is the Simple Past Tense formula?

Pointing at math formula

For positive sentences, the formula is like that; Subject + Verb (past form) + Compliment Part (object, adverb, etc.)
For negative sentence we simply add did not or didn’t shortly after the subject and then we use the base form of the verb. Subject + did not (didn’t) + Base form of the verb + Compliment Part
To make a question we add Did at the beginning of the sentences and the subject is after that and then the base form of the verb. Did + Subject + Base form of the verb + Compliment part ?

Simple Past Tense Test (Kahoot)

https://create.kahoot.it/details/d5072d36-829f-4132-a62a-1094007dc2cc

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