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The  Present Perfect  Tense


Olumlu Cümle  (+)

 
Özne +have/has+ Fiil(3)+ Nesne + Zaman İfadesi
 
Subject +have/has+Verb(3)+ Object + Time Expression
 
I        have       worked            30 hours                      this week
You   have       studied             hard                 this year
We    have       worked            well                 today
They have        talked               carefully                      today
He     has         worked            carelessly         today
She   has          phoned            me                   this month
It        has        worked            regularly          this week
 
I’ve done my work, it’s your turn now. You gotto do yours.  
 

Olumsuz Cümle  (-)

 
Özne +have/has not+ Fiil(3)+ Nesne + Zaman İfadesi
 
Subject +have/has not+Verb(3)+ Object + Time Expression
 
I        haven’t               worked            35 hours                      this week
You   haven’t             worked            hard                             this week
We    haven’t               worked            well                             this week
They haven’t               worked            carefully                      this week
He     hasn’t                 worked            carelessly                     this week
She      hasn’t              phoned            me                               this week
It          hasn’t              worked            regularly                      this week
 
I ain’t told ‘er. She’s learnt from ‘im.
 

Soru Cümlesi (?+)

 
have/has + Özne + Fiil(3)+ Nesne + Zaman İfadesi
 
have/has+Subject +Verb(3)+ Object + Time Expression
 
Have    I           worked            this week?
Have    You     worked            this week?
Have    We       worked            this week?
Have    They    worked            this week?
Has      He       worked            this week?
Has      She      worked            this week?
Has      It          worked            this week?

WH- Questions

  • What’ve you done this week?

I’ve studied English this week.

  • Where have you gone today?

I’ve gone to Mugla City today.

  • Whom have you phoned ?

I’ve phoned  my mother.

  • Who’s phoned?

Murat has phoned.

  • How’s she come here?

She’s come by bus.
 
 

Zaman İfadeleri

 
Today:                         Bu gün
This week:                   Bu hafta,
This month:                 Bu Ay
This year:                    Bu yıl
This summer:             Bu yaz
 
Just:                             Az önce
Already:                      hali hazırda, demin
Yet:                             henüz
 

Kullanımı

 
I haven’t seen him yet.
She’s just gone out.
They’ve already phoned us.
 
I’ve known him since 1995.
I’ve known her for 9 years.
 

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