Simple Present Tense
In our Simple Present Tense (Elementary Level) tutorial you will learn how to form sentences in simple present tense. You will also understand where to use simple present tense.
Simple Present Tense (Elementary Level) Grammar in Context
Pay attention to the coloured parts of the sentences.
Sue is my sister. I love her very much. Sue gets up early everyday. Because, she likes mornings. Sue doesn’t go to office or work like everyone. Instead, she has a home office. She is a freelancer. Lots of people calls her during the day for their works. For example, she makes translations, web sites and videos for her customers. I see Sue very happy whenever I see her. Because, she isn’t at home all day. She is also very energitic and goes to sports every morning and evening. I think my sister is very succesful in her life. Moreover, She is very motivated.
Now let’s look at the sentences:
- I love her very much. (-a general event-)
- Sue gets up early everyday. (-an every day situation-)
- she likes mornings. (-a general event-)
- Sue doesn’t go to office or work like everyone. (-an everyday event-)
- she has a home office. (-a general situation-)
- Lots of people calls her during the day for their works. (-an everyday event-)
- she makes translations. (-an everyday event-)
- I see Sue very happy whenever I see her. (-an everyday event-)
- She is also very energitic and goes to sports every morning and evening. (-an everyday event-)
- I think my sister is very succesful in her life.(-a general situation-)
Simple Present Tense USAGE
As you see we use “Simple Present Tense” for everyday events and for general situations and also for the fact that are true all the time like natural occasions as in: Sun rises from the east.
Let’s focus on Structure of Simple Present Tense
I love her very much
We love her very much
You love her very much
They love her very much
He loves her very much
She loves her very much
It loves her very much.
- We simply add -s to the verbs after He/She/It “third person singulars”
- After I/We/You/They we use the bare forms of the verbs
I don’t get up early.
We don’t get up early.
You don’t get up early.
They don’t get up early.
He doesn’t get up early
She doesn’t get up early
It doesn’t get up early
- We use don’t and doesn’t auxilaries after subject of the sentences to make a negative in Simple Present Tense
- After I/we/you/they we add “don’t”, and after he/she/it we add “doesn’t”
- Verbs are in bare forms with all subjects/subject pronouns
Do I like mornings?
- Yes, I do (Yes, I like mornings.)
- No, I don’t (No, I don’t like mornings.)
Do we like mornings?
Do you like mornings?
Do they like mornings?
Does he like mornings?
- Yes, he does. (Yes, he likes mornings.)
- No, he doesn’t. (No, he doesn’t like mornings.)
Does she like mornings?
Does it like mornings?
- We simply add Do/Does at the beginning of the sentences to make a YES/NO type of question.
- Before I/we/you/they we put Do
- Before he/she/it we put Does
- Verbs are in bare form as in the negative Simple Present Tense sentences.
Questions with Wh_ question words
What do you do at school?
I pay attention to the lessons
Where do you go every morning?
I go to school every morning.
How does she get up?
She gets up by an alarm clock.
- We simple add Wh_ question words at the beginning of the question sentences.
Because we use Simple Present Tense for the actions that are happening all the time “they must have a frequency” We have some adverbs in English and we call them frequency adverbs.
- What are the frequency adverbs
Let’s start with the most frequent ones.
Always -> most frequent ->%100 I always get up early.
Usually -> Frequent but not always ->%80 She usually goes to cinema at the weekend.
Sometimes-> Not very frequent -> %55 He sometimes have a shower on weekdays.
Rarely ->less frequent ->% 30 They rarely respect each other.
Never-> least frequent or no frequent-> %0 I never get up late.
We use frequency adverbs between subject and main verb
We have some other adverbs with “Simple Present Tense”
I go to gym once a week.
She drinks coffee twice a day
Julia has her pills trice a day
We visit them occosionally
Example situations with Simple Present Tense (dialogs)
Mark: How do you plan your weekend?
Joe: I plan to visit my grandparents.
Mark: What about Sue? How does she plan?
Joe: I don’t know.
Mark: see you
Joe: see you
Micheal: Where do you spend your summer holidays?
Mark: I spend my summer holidays in Bodrum.
Micheal: Bodrum! I don’t know Bodrum. Could you tell me?
Mark: Yes, certainly. Bodrum is located in Turkey. It is the best place that I have ever visited.
Micheal. Ohh really. I also want to go there. How often do you go to Bodrum?
Mark: I go there twice in a year.