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The  past perfect  tense


Nerede Kullanılır?

  • The Past Perfect tense bir olay olmadan önce, daha önce olan bir olayı anlatırken kullanılır.
  • Türkçe de kip olarak –mişti, -mıştı diye çevrilebilir.


Olumlu Cümle  (+)
Özne +had+ Fiil(3)+ Nesne + Zaman İfadesi
Subject +had+Verb(3)+ Object + Time Expression
I        had         finished the work
You  had         painted the wall
We   had          watered the garden
They had         completed the work
He    had          polished the shoes
She  had           worked there
It      had          finished the print
I’d written the poem.
Olumsuz Cümle  (+)
Özne +hadn’t+ Fiil(3)+ Nesne + Zaman İfadesi
Subject +hadn’t+Verb(3)+ Object + Time Expression
I        hadn’t     finished the work
You   hadn’t     finished the work
We    hadn’t      finished the work
They hadn’t      finished the work
He    hadn’t      finished the work
She  hadn’t       finished the work
It      hadn’t       finished the work
Soru Cümlesi (?+)
Had + Özne + Fiil(3)+ Nesne + Zaman İfadesi
Had +Subject +Verb(3)+ Object + Time Expression
Had     You     worked  ?
Had     They    worked  ?
Had     She      worked  ?
WH- Questions

  • What had you done before you learnt German?

I had learned English.

  • Where had you gone before you visited us?

I’d gone to Mugla City.

  • Who had you phoned before you came here?

I had phoned  my mother.

  • Who had phoned you before you left home?

Murat had phoned.

  • How had she come here before she went to Izmir?

She had come here by bus before she went to Izmir.
Kullanımı
Before dan önce,
I had seen him before I went.
Jane had gone there before they called her.
They had phoned before I phoned them.
After dan sonra,
After I had seen him, I went.
After Jane had gone there they called her.
 
 
 

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